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Sports Safety

Safety Policy in PE and CCA

General Safety

  1. All PE teachers and teachers-in-charge of CCA are aware of students in the Annual Precautionary List with respect to physical activities and other requirements given by the School Health Service (SHS).
  2. Conduct regular checks on the equipment and facilities to ensure that they are safe and well-maintained for use.
  3. Student should maintain good discipline and ensure that they are properly attired – wear proper PE/CCA attire.
  4. Correct and careful handling of sports equipment should be taught as these can become a lethal weapon (e.g. Wushu weapons, javelin, shot putt etc) when handled inappropriately.
  5. Cease all outdoor activities when Lightning Alert System is activated.
  6. Cease all outdoor activities when the PSI level is above 100. Cease all outdoor and indoor activities when the PSI level is above 200.
  7. There should be no outdoor activities between 10.30am and 3.30pm. For prolonged outdoor activities such as camp, hike, water based activities, etc where exposure to sun is unavoidable, adequate steps should be taken to protect students, as far as reasonably practicable, from the dangers of exposure to the sun. These steps include encouraging the students to:
        • Wear hats that cover the face, ears and neck.
        • Wear loose fitting, closely woven cotton fabrics and shirts with a collar and longer sleeves and longer shorts are recommended.
        • Wear tinted sunglasses that meet the standards for ultraviolet protection.
        • Wear regularly broad spectrum and water resistant sunscreen on exposed skin that cannot be protected by clothing. Where practicable, students should be given opportunities to apply sunscreen before participating in outdoor activities and to re-apply them during the activities.

Pre-Session

  1. Conduct Pre-Session checks on the equipment and facilities before the start of PE & CCA session. Remove any litter or hazards to ensure the environment is safe for use.
  2. Check weather conditions. Do not conduct outdoor activities if there is poor air quality, extreme heat or lightning risks.
  3. Brief all participants on safety measures before the commencement of any new and/or ad-hoc PE and CCA or when deemed necessary on the following:
        • Exemptions due to medical reasons.
        • Inclement weather
        • Heat related and other injuries.
        • Waterborne activities.
        • Use of sports equipment
  4. Verbal and Visual Screening - Check and ask to see if students are feeling unwell before the warming up session.
  5. For students who are not feeling well, make sure that they are seated near to where the activity is being conducted. This is to ensure that these students are under supervision.
  6. Ensure that students remove all hard/sharp objects and accessories (eg. watches, etc) before the start of PE & CCA session.

During Session

  1. Conduct warming-up and cooling-down exercises (5-10 mins) before and after PE & CCA session.
  2. Plan and carry out gradual build up of physically strenuous activities and at a level appropriate to the individual or group.
  3. Keep a look out for students who may develop symptoms of unwell during the activity
  4. Make accessible water and first aid assistance during physical activities. 
  5. Ensure that students drink lots of plain water during and after the PE & CCA session so that they hydrate themselves.
  6. Be aware of prevailing weather conditions when conducting physical activities outdoor. Always look out for Lightning Alert Alarm located at the parade square and the school field.

End of Session

  1. At the end of the session, ask if any students are feeling unwell. Attend immediately to the unwell students and render aid if necessary.
  2. Get the students to hydrate themselves adequately by drinking water after the session.

Excursions

  1. An excursion is defined as an outing conducted in or outside of Singapore by schools for students and includes visits, field trips, values-in-action programmes, educational tours, camps and land expeditions.
  2. The MOE RAMS (see Annex) should be applied to all excursions conducted in or outside of Singapore.
  3. Parental notification sent out for mandatory CCA and parental consent obtained for non-mandatory CCA. 
  4. Destinations, routes, timings and programmes should be carefully chosen with the safety of the students in mind.
  5. When planning for an overseas excursion, the following standard operating procedures are to be adhered to in AHS Overseas Programmes Policy.
  6. For student participants going overseas, schools are required to take on an insurance coverage as stated in the AHS Overseas Programmes Policy.
  7. MOE has engaged the services of International SOS (ISOS) to provide consultancy services for our schools on medical, health and safety issues. ISOS can support schools in providing timely and updated information which will enable schools to make informed decisions about their overseas trips.  More information can be obtained in the MOE Intranet link – International SOS website (Please use ISOS Memberships No: 02AABC00031) when accessing the ISOS website. ISOS helpline number: +65-63380010
  8. Teacher-in-charge should carry a mobile phone to ensure communication is maintained.
  9. If an overnight stay is involved, female students must be chaperoned by female teachers/adults supervisors and must be given sleeping quarters separate from those for the male members of the group.
  10. Boats and vehicles used for transport must be licensed to carry passengers.
  11. First aid equipment must be available at all times. 

Water Based Activities

  1. The MOE RAMS must be applied to all water-based activities.
  2. There must be a minimum of one teacher/instructor to every 10 students during water-based activities. Students must not carry out water sports activities without the presence of the teacher-in-charge.
  3. Check that the instructors have the necessary qualifications, competency and medical fitness.
  4. All lessons must be conducted by qualified teachers/instructors. These teachers/instructors should minimally have one of the following qualifications:
    Canoeing/Kayaking
        • Possess an Instructors’ certificate issued by the Singapore Canoe Federation which matches the level of students whom they are coaching.
        • Successfully completed a canoeing course for teachers conducted by the PESEB or authorised Sea Sports clubs.
        • Successfully completed a canoeing instructor course conducted overseas by a reputable organisation approved by PESEB.
        • Trained in CPR.
  5. All students must be able to swim at least 50 metres with a personal floatation device. Students who do not fulfil this requirement must not be allowed to participate in any water-based activities.
  6. Teachers/Instructors should conduct a water confidence drill in the sea for all participants with their personal floatation device on. This should be done in shallow waters with a safety boat and life buoy/rescue device on stand-by.
  7. Personal floatation device and suitable footwear must be worn by instructors and students when they are in the water at all times. Footwear may be omitted only by windsurfers who need to place their feet on foot strap.
  8. Sea sports conducted at various venues must stay within areas designated for those activities by agencies such as MPA and respective clubs or centres.
  9. For water activities in reservoirs, teachers/instructors should ensure that students stay away from hazardous areas such as tidal gates, raw water intake towers, aeration points, golf courses and demarcated out of bound areas as stipulated by PUB.
  10. The teacher-in-charge/instructor must have knowledge of the tide and current flow of the area where the activity is to be conducted. He/she must also have the information on the weather condition on the day. He/she must use the information on tide/current and weather to facilitate the planning of the activity. 

NAPFA Test

  1. Advise students not to take the test if they are unwell or are suffering from acute infection (e.g. viral influenza, chest infection) or injury.
  2. Advise students not to continue exercising should significant medical problems (including infections and injuries) develop, as it may result in serious complications and even death. They should resume training only after they have fully recovered and should progress gradually.
  3. Ensure that students warm-up and cool down before and after the test.
  4. Advise students not to consume heavy meals 1-2 hours before the test.
  5. Ensure that student wear sports or PE attire. Shoes with worn out soles are not safe and should not be worn.
  6. Ensure that water and first aid stations are available during the test.
  7. The following categories of students are completely exempted from the NAPFA Test:
        • Students with medical problems (e.g. heart problem, soft bones, etc) and/or those advised not to participate by the SHS after their annual check-up.
        • Students with medical certificates for serious/long-term illnesses, e.g. cancer, hole in the heart, etc.
        • Students with physical disabilities.
        • Students recovering from fractured arm/foot/leg or serious illness such as chicken pox or dengue fever.
        • New cases of severely overweight students who have yet to obtain a certificate of fitness from the School Health Service.
  8. Ensure that the following categories of students with minor illnesses are excused on the NAPFA test day:
        • Students with medical certificates.
        • Students with parents’ letter stating that they are not well.
        • Students who teachers have observed to be not well.
        • Students who report sick.
  9. Accept all MCs and parents’ letter at face value. Students who have minor illnesses such as mild flu, cold and cough (without chest infection), slight fever, menstrual cramps and diarrhoea should take the test two weeks when they have recovered.

Throwing Implements

  1. Ensure all implements (e.g. javelins, shot-put, discus) thrown from designated areas. No one should be standing in the areas where the implements can potentially land.
  2. Remind students of the safety precautions to take and be vigilant at all times when participating in activities involving throwing implements.
  3. Mark areas for throwing with easily identifiable markers.
  4. Maintain a safe distance of 2 metres between throwers.
  5. Ensure all implements are thrown one at a time and at the signal of the teacher.
  6. Remind students to move back after each throw.
  7. Instruct next group of throwers to proceed forward to collect implement only after all members of the previous group has thrown their implements.
  8. Ensure all implements are returned by hand and not thrown back to the starting area.
  9. Cease all throwing should the area be deemed as unsafe.

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